tonderzwam – tinder fungus (2 photos)



De echte tonderzwam (Fomes fomentarius, synoniem: Polyporus fomentarius), in de volksmond ook tondelzwam of tonder-gaatjeszwam genoemd, is een schimmel die behoort tot de familie Polyporaceae. Het is een zwakteparasietdie groeit op verzwakte of dode bomen.




Fomes fomentarius (commonly known as the tinder fungusfalse tinder fungushoof fungustinder conktinder polypore or ice man fungus) is a species of fungal plant pathogen found in Europe, Asia, Africa and North America. The species produces very large polypore fruit bodies which are shaped like a horse’s hoof and vary in colour from a silvery grey to almost black, though they are normally brown. It grows on the side of various species of tree, which it infects through broken bark, causing rot. The species typically continues to live on trees long after they have died, changing from a parasite to a decomposer.

eekhoorntjesbrood – porcini – penny bun (3 photos)



De hoed van gewoon eekhoorntjesbrood heeft een licht- tot donkerbruine, vaak ook enigszins geel en rood getinte kleur. Hij kan tot 30 cm groot worden en is in vochtige toestand wat plakkerig. Aan de onderzijde is een sponzig aandoend stelsel van fijne buisjes zichtbaar dat eerst wit en later geel is. De witachtige tot bruin aangelopen steel wordt niet langer dan 25 cm en vertoont een licht netwerk aan het bovenste gedeelte.


The fungus grows in deciduous and coniferous forests and tree plantations, forming symbiotic ectomycorrhizal associations with living trees by enveloping the tree’s underground roots with sheaths of fungal tissue. The fungus produces spore-bearing fruit bodies above ground in summer and autumn. The fruit body has a large brown cap which on occasion can reach 35 cm (14 in) in diameter and 3 kg (6.6 lb) in weight. Like other boletes, it has tubes extending downward from the underside of the cap, rather than gills; spores escape at maturity through the tube openings, or pores. The pore surface of the B. edulis fruit body is whitish when young, but ages to a greenish-yellow. The stout stipe, or stem, is white or yellowish in colour, up to 25 cm (10 in) tall and 10 cm (4 in) thick, and partially covered with a raised network pattern, or reticulations.


parelstuifzwam – common puffball (2 photos)




De parelstuifzwam is 3-8 cm hoog en heeft de vorm van een omgekeerde peer. De witte kleur verandert geleidelijk aan naar bruin. De hoed en de bovenkant van de steel zijn met dicht opeenstaande wratten bezet (resten van het gescheurde velum), die gemakkelijk kunnen worden weggewreven. Het vlees is bij jonge exemplaren wit, later verkleurend van geel naar olijfbruin. Het vlees wordt omgevormd tot sporen die dan ook olijfbruin zijn.





The puffball grows in fields, gardens, and along roadsides, as well as in grassy clearings in woods. It is edible when young and the internal flesh is completely white, although care must be taken to avoid confusion with immature fruit bodies of poisonous Amanita species. L. perlatum can usually be distinguished from other similar puffballs by differences in surface texture. Several chemical compounds have been isolated and identified from the fruit bodies of L. perlatum, including sterolderivatives, volatile compounds that give the puffball its flavor and odor, and the unusual amino acid lycoperdic acid. Laboratory tests indicate that extracts of the puffball have antimicrobial and antifungal activities.


Bron/source: wikipedia

porseleinzwam – porcelain fungus



De porseleinzwam (Oudemansiella mucida, synoniem: Collybia mucida) is een witte tot ivoorkleurige plaatjeszwam waarvan de hoed bedekt is met een slijmlaag.

Oudemansiella mucida, commonly known as porcelain fungus, is a basidiomycete fungus of the Physalacriaceae family and native to Europe

coprinus comatus



It grows in groups in places which are often unexpected, such as green areas in towns. It occurs widely in grasslands and meadows in Europe and North America. It appears to have been introduced to Australia, New Zealand and Iceland. In Australia the species is sufficiently common to have been featured on a postage stamp issued by Australia Post in 1981

Vanaf mei tot in november is de geschubde inktzwam vaak in groepen te vinden op grond die pas is omgewerkt op akkers, weilanden, parken en wegbermen. Ook in de stad is deze paddenstoel veel gezien op bemest gras.

fields of rain

Rain, and then
the cool pursed
lips of the wind
draw them
out of the ground –
red and yellow skulls
pummeling upward
through leaves,
through grasses,
through sand; astonishing
in their suddenness,
their quietude,
their wetness, they appear
on fall mornings, some
balancing in the earth
on one hoof
packed with poison,
others billowing
chunkily, and delicious –
those who know
walk out to gather, choosing
the benign from flocks
of glitterers, sorcerers,
panther caps,
shark-white death angels
in their town veils
looking innocent as sugar
but full of paralysis:
to eat
is to stagger down
fast as mushrooms themselves
when they are done being perfect
and overnight
slide back under the shining
fields of rain.

@Mary Oliver